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12 Causes of Stomach Pain

Young Woman Suffering From Stomach Ache

Stomach pain is discomfort that is experienced between the chest and pelvic area. While it can often be attributed to dietary choices and behavior, stomach pain could also be indicative of a more serious medical condition.

The pain may be achy, crampy, dull, intermittent or even sharp. Here are some causes that can trigger stomach pain.

1. Indigestion

Indigestion is perhaps the most common cause of stomach pain. Also known as dyspepsia, stomach pain can occur from time to time. In many cases, eating habits can initiate indigestion and symptoms can range from feeling full too quickly, a burning sensation in the esophagus or stomach, or even excessive belching and gas.

In more severe cases indigestion can cause stomach discomfort that is accompanied by severe vomiting, black stools, unexplained weight loss or trouble swallowing. It becomes important not to ignore these symptoms and seek medical help.

2. Acid reflux

Acid reflux happens when the contents of the stomach move in a reverse direction towards the esophagus. Acid reflux may also be referred to as GERD or acid regurgitation. The stomach discomfort caused by acid reflux happens when the muscle at the end of the esophagus becomes lax and allows food from the stomach to renter the esophagus instead of moving forward into the intestines.

Acid reflux typically brings about a burning sensation in the chest that can be accompanied by pain in the abdominal region. The discomfort radiates upwards from the stomach to the mid chest area and can go as far as the throat.

3. IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic disorder that impacts the large intestine. The condition can bring on a number of uncomfortable digestive symptoms such as cramping, bloating, gas and stomach pain among others.

IBS is also known as spastic colon and possible causes can involve an overly sensitive colon or a compromised immune system. The spastic or slow movements of the colon usually lead to stomach discomfort resulting in painful cramping. While the symptoms of IBS can come and go for some individuals, others may experience persistent discomfort in the abdominal region.